Prague » Prague history

Prague History in Dates
after 870: foundation of the Prague Castle
after 926: foundation of St. Vitus rotunda within the Prague Castle
10th century: foundation of the Vysehrad Castle on the opposite Vltava bank
965: Prague first reported in the narration of Ibrahim Ibn Jakub, a merchant
973: foundation of Prague bishopric
1085: Prague becomes the residence of the first Bohemian king – Vratislav I
1172: the construction of the Judita’s Bridge, the second stone bridge in Central Europe was finished
after 1230: establishment of the Old Town
1257: foundation of the Lesser Town
1310-1346: John of Luxembourg rules as the king of Bohemia
around 1320: foundation of Hradcany
1338: foundation of the Old Town Hall – the importance of the city increases
1344: Prague bishopric upgraded to archbishopric, beginning of St. Vitus, St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert Cathedral (finished 1929)
1346-1378: the epoch of Charles IV – Prague becomes the capital of the Bohemian Kingdom and the Holy Roman Empire
1348: foundation of the New Town and the first university in Central Europe (Charles University)
1419-1437: attempts by the clergy to split from the church result in the Hussite revolutionary movement (Jan Hus – the reform preacher and martyr)
1526: Habsburg dynasty ascends the Bohemian throne (until 1918)
1583-1611: Rudolf II becomes the king of Bohemia, and Prague the emperor’s residence, becomes the centre of social and cultural life
1618-1620: defeat of the Czech nobles uprising; Czech language and Czech national consciousness begin to decline
1784: union of the four hitherto independent Prague urban units (Hradcany, Lesser Town, Old Town and New Town)
1784-1848: period of Czech national revival, beginning of the industrial revolution, establishment of Czech institutions
1918: proclamation of independence of Czechoslovakia, Prague becomes the new state capital
1939-1945:  occupation by the Nazi Germany
1945: the Prague uprising, liberation of Prague by Soviet army
1948: seizure of power by KSC after the February putsch
1968: Prague Spring – an attempt to reform socialism, intervention of 5 states of the Warsaw Pact
1989: so-called velvet revolution, formation of the government of national tolerance, Vaclav Havel elected the president
1990: first free elections
1993: January 1, splitting up of the Federation, formation of the independent Czech Republic
1993: January 26, Vaclav Havel elected the first president of the independent Czech Republic
2004: May 1, Czech Republic joined EU